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The foundation of the Qing Dynasty

Palafox y Mendoza, Juan de. Histoire de la Conqueste de la Chine par les Tartares. Contenant plusieurs choses remarquables, touchant la religion, les moeurs, & les coûtumes de ces deux nations, & principalement de la dernière. Ecrite en espagnol... Et traduit en françois par le sieur de Collet. Paris Antoine Bertier 1670
First edition in French. Small 8vo (17.5 x 11.5 cm), pp.[xvi], 478, [1, colophon], [1, blank], frontispiece (incorporating a map). A very good copy bound in contemporary calf, neatly rebacked, preserving sections of original spine. Corners repaired.
Cordier BS 627; Löwendahl 148 (Spanish edition); Lust 447; Morrison II, p.190

A history of the Manchu invasions of China, their victory over the Ming Dynasty, and the establishment of the Qing Dynasty. Juan de Palafox y Mendoza (1600-1659) was a high-ranking Spanish cleric who served in Mexico from 1640 to 1649, where he collected missionary reports from China, forwarded to him via Macao and Manila. After his ignominious recall to Spain, Palafox was appointed to the minor bishopric of Ossa, and compiled this history from his collection of Chinese missionary reports. "His purpose in writing was avowedly "to take some measure of the present state of China under its new masters" and to point up a moral lesson to the princes of Europe about what happens to a state when internal decay and division are permitted to go unchecked.... The failure of the Ming dynasty he attributes unreservedly to its contempt for and neglect of the military" (Lach & Van Kley, I, pp.356–7). Antoine Bertier published an edition in the original Spanish in the same year.