1850: The Sankhya school of classical Indian philosophy
A lecture on the Sa'nkhya philosophy,
embracing the text of the Tattwa Sama'sa. Mirzapore Printed for the use of the Benares College by order of Government N.W.P., at the Orphan School Press, Supt. R.C. Mather. 1850
pp., 65, . A very good copy bound in contemporary quarter calf, small part of spine missing at head & tail.
The text of a lecture on Sankhya, one of the six orthodox schools of classical Indian philosophy, which stresses the duality of the universe between the pure consciousness of the self and the unconscious matter of everything else. This lecture was delivered in 1849 by James Robert Ballantyne, a Scottish orientalist who was appointed Superintendent of the Sanskrit College at Benares in 1845 (he has signed the preface J.R.B.). He returned to England in 1851 to become Librarian of the India Office. He quotes liberally from the Sanskrit text of the Tattva-samāsa, the famous work attributed to Kapila, the founder of the Sankhya school.