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1796: Gilchrist's Grammar of Urdu

Gilchrist, John Borthwick A grammar of the Hindoostanee language, or part third of volume first of a system of Hindoostanee philology. Calcutta printed at the Chronicle Press 1796
First edition. 4to, 32 x 25 cm; pp.[iv], 336, [ii, errata]; 4 tables, 3 folding, and 2 plates. Text with printed Devanagari, nasta'liq, and naskh characters. Nineteenth-century half morocco over cloth; corners bumped, a few scuffs to edges; tables and plates mounted on linen; title-page laid down, repaired marginal tear to B2; lacking the final supplement leaf.
Shaw 304; SABREB, p.279.

The first Urdu grammar printed in India, preceded only by Schultze's Grammatica hindostanica (Halle, 1745) based on the southern Dakhni dialect and Hadley's Grammatical remarks on the practical and vulgar dialect of the Indostan language (London, 1772). It was published as the third part in the first volume of Gilchrist's projected three volume guide to Urdu; the two volumes of his dictionary being the other two parts in the first volume. Projected second and third volumes were an Urdu-English dictionary and an encyclopaedia. Gilchrist dismissed Hadley's work in its entirety: "The barbarous gabble taught by Hadley exists nowhere but among the dregs of our servants, in their snip snap dialogues with us only; for even they would not degrade themselves by chattering the gibberish of savages, while conversing with, or addressing each other, in the capacity of human beings."