1890: "Who has low land, and high relations, he never will suffer loss"
Selected agricultural proverbs of the Panjab.
Delhi Imperial Medical Hall Press 1890
First edition. 8vo, 25 x 17 cm; pp.xxiv, 308. Punjabi text. Contemporary cloth; edges a little worn, cloth a bit marked Ownership inscription of J.C.W. Eustace, dated 1932; ownership stamp of Sub-Divisional Officer Pind Dadan Khan to title-page and text.
Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, and SOAS.
A comprehensive collection of 1,089 proverbs, arranged thematically, covering the merits of various soils; the summer and winter rains; the effects of frost and cold, mist and dew; the sun in relation to agriculture; plowing, manuring, sowing, and harvesting; milk and plough cattle; general industry and careful expenditure; relations with moneylenders and with partners and tenants; tribal characteristics, etc. The district(s) in which each proverb was current is also noted. Maconachie saw proverbs as the key to understanding the psyche of the local population. The text was compiled on the basis of returns made by each district officer in the Punjab, with those from Jalandhar and Rawalpindi regarded as the most complete. Some examples: "Starving is a friend, borrowing an enemy"; "Rain may stop, but the interest on a debt will not"; "Crow, moneylender, and dog are never to be trusted though asleep"; "Who has low land, and high relations, he never will suffer loss"; "Manure does the work, or God does"; "A poor man near the head of a canal, is (as good as) a rich man at its tail"; "Laziness and sleep destroy a farmer, as coughing betrays a thief."