The History of Nadir Shah,
formerly called Thamas Kuli Khan, the present Emperor of Persia. To which is prefix'd A short History of the Moghol Emperors. At the end is inserted, A Catalogue of about two hundred manuscripts in the Persic and other Oriental languages, collected in the east. London Printed for A. Millar 1742
Second edition, 8vo, pp. vi, 234, [6, index]; 40; folding portrait frontispiece, folding map. A exceptionally clean fresh copy bound in contemporary speckled calf. Spine rubbed and a little worn at head.
Nadir Shah, born to a peasant family in 1688, was captured by Uzbek tribesmen and joined a band of brigands while still a child. He rose to become a powerful military leader of the Afshar tribe and, when the Afghans invaded Persia in 1719, he supported the Safavid ruler Tahmasp II. He became the power behind the throne and eventually deposed the Shah in 1732. In 1738 Nadir Shah invaded India, sacking Lahore and Delhi and carrying back to Iran vast hordes of treasure including the Peacock Throne and the Koh-i-Noor diamond as well as a large quantity of the finest manuscripts. He was known variously as "The Scourge of God" the "Napoleon of Persia" and the "Second Alexander". This account of Nadir Shah was written by his contemporary, James Fraser, East India Company servant and collector of Oriental manuscripts. Fraser was in India when Nadir Shah invaded and provides a first-hand account of contemporary events as well as translations from the Persian of historical texts and original documents. Fraser's collection of some two hundred Oriental manuscripts was "the first collection of that kind ever brought to Europe" and remains intact today in the Bodleian Library. The second part of this book is one of the earliest western catalogues of oriental manuscripts.