1839: First book of routes in the Madras Presidency
The Madras Road Book.
Edition 1839. Madras Published for the benefit of the Military Male Orphan Asylum Madras, printed by George Calder, and published by Edmund Marsden, at the Asylum Press. Map printed by Government Lithographic Press, Fort St. George. 
First edition. 8vo (22 x 14.5 cm), pp.[iv], 164, 72, folding map coloured in outline. Rebound in old style half calf, pages lightly browned throughout, some repairs.
COPAC shows copies at the British Library, Oxford, and SOAS only.
William Butterworth conducted a survey of routes in the Madras Presidency in 1833, whilst he was an officer in the 38th Madras Native Infantry. The tables in this publication represent the results, revised and enlarged in the Quarter-Master's General Office in 1838-39 before publication. Statistics of each of the Madras collectorates from Arcot to Vizagapatnam are given in an appendix. Butterworth rose to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Madras Army before being appointed Governor of the Straits Settlements (Malacca, Penang and Singapore) in 1843, retiring in 1855 due to ill-health. Butterworth town in Penang is named after him. The frontispiece of this volume is a folding hand-coloured "Map of the peninsula of India, shewing the different routes throughout the Presidency of Fort St. George", lithographed at the Government Lithographic Press, Fort St. George. The appendix contains Statistics of the Madras Collectorates; Bungalow Regulations; Palankeen Bearer's Regulations; Rates of Hire of Palankeen Bearers, &c.